Is Online Gambling Legal in Canada


Welcome to our exploration of gambling laws in Canada. In this article, we’ll break down the laws that govern iGaming, or online gambling, throughout Canada. From the big casinos in places like Ontario to the smaller bingo halls up North, we’ll walk you through the legal landscape step-by-step.

Picture Canada as a patchwork quilt when it comes to Canadian gambling laws. Each province and territory has its say, which means the rules can vary quite a bit. We’ll help you understand what’s allowed where, whether you’re a casual player, a concerned citizen, or just curious about how it all works.

Gambling regulations in Canadian provinces

Canadian gambling laws resemble a patchwork quilt, with each province and territory possessing its own set of rules. Below, you’ll find detailed information on each province’s regulations, from the legal gambling age to the status of online gambling. Let’s dive in:


Alberta, a province known for its stunning landscapes, also offers a thriving gambling scene with well-defined regulations. Let’s explore the gambling laws in Alberta.

  • Authority: Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis (AGLC)
  • Governing law: Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Act
  • Legal gambling age: 18
  • Tax: Tax on gambling income is only payable for professional players. 
  • Land-based casinos: Alberta boasts a vibrant casino scene, all regulated by the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC). With 17 casinos currently operating, there’s no shortage of gaming options.
  • Sports betting: In Alberta, online gambling is entirely legal, covering single-event sports betting through regulated sites. 
  • Online Casinos: Online casino games, including slots, bingo, poker, and other versions, are fully legal through regulated sites.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations have the green light for gaming activities, with the AGLC overseeing these operations.

British Columbia

British Columbia, with its stunning Pacific coastline, also has strict gambling regulations in place. Here’s an overview of the gambling laws in British Columbia.

  • Authority: Gaming Policy and Enforcement Branch
  • Governing laws: Gaming Control Act, Gaming Control Regulations, Canada’s Criminal Code
  • Legal gambling age: 19
  • Tax: You have to pay tax on your gambling income only if you are a professional player.
  • Land-based casinos: British Columbia enjoys a thriving casino industry regulated by the British Columbia Lottery Corporation (BCLC). Currently, 20 casinos are in operation.
  • Sports betting: BC only allows single-game sports betting through regulated sites.
  • Online casinos: BC residents can legally play casino games on both local and offshore casino platforms regulated by international authorities like the UKGC and MGA.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations have opportunities for gaming under BCLC regulation.


Nestled in the heart of the country, Manitoba has its own unique gambling laws in Canada, governing its vibrant casino industry. Here’s a closer look at gambling regulations in Manitoba.

  • Authority: Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries Corporation
  • Governing law: The Liquor, Gaming and Cannabis Control Act
  • Legal gambling age: 18
  • Tax: Payable only if you’re a professional player with gambling as your sole income stream.
  • Land-based casinos: Manitoba provides gambling enthusiasts with four legal casinos, all regulated by the Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries Corporation (MLCC).
  • Sports betting: Online single-event sports betting is permitted on state-owned PlayNow.
  • Online casinos: Limited online casino games are available on the state-owned online casino website PlayNow. No commercial operators are permitted to operate at the moment.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations in Manitoba can operate gaming activities within the boundaries set by the MLCC.

New Brunswick

New Brunswick, a province with a rich maritime heritage, also has clear gambling laws. Here’s an overview of gambling regulations in New Brunswick.

  • Authority: New Brunswick Lotteries and Gaming Corp
  • Governing law: Criminal Code of Canada
  • Legal Gambling Age: 19
  • Land-based casinos: Land-based casinos are legal, but only a couple exist.
  • Sports betting: The province permits single-event sports betting through state-owned and regulated bookmakers. 
  • Online casinos: Only state-owned online casinos are permitted to offer casino games such as slots, lottery, and bingo.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations in New Brunswick can organize gaming events under the purview of the NBLGC.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Newfoundland and Labrador, with its rugged coastline, has specific laws in place to govern its gambling activities. Here’s an overview of gambling regulations in Newfoundland and Labrador.

  • Authority: Atlantic Lottery Corporation
  • Governing law: C-218
  • Tax: Payable only if you are a professional player.
  • Legal gambling age: 19
  • Land-based casinos: Newfoundland and Labrador hosts a legal casino governed by the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation (NLC).
  • Sports betting: Residents can enjoy single-event sports betting through the Pro-Line platform operated by the Atlantic Lottery Corporation.
  • Online casinos: Online establishments with an international iGaming Offshore (iGO) license are permitted to operate and provide casino games.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations within the province can conduct gaming activities with NLC oversight.

Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island (PEI) takes a cautious approach to gambling, focusing on responsible gaming. Here’s an overview of the gambling regulations in PEI.

  • Authority: Prince Edward Island Lotteries Commission
  • Governing law: Lotteries Commission Act Gaming
  • Legal Gambling age: 19
  • Land-based casinos: Land-based casinos are fully legalized, and you can find a couple of gambling establishments in Prince Edward Island.
  • Sports betting: Sports betting is available and regulated by the provincial authorities.
  • Online casinos: Online gambling is permitted, but residents can only access offshore or international online casinos for their gaming needs.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations in PEI can obtain licenses for various gaming activities.


Saskatchewan boasts a well-defined set of gambling laws to ensure fair and secure gaming experiences. Here's a glimpse into the gambling regulations in Saskatchewan.

  • Authority: Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority
  • Governing law: The Saskatchewan Gaming Corporation Regulations
  • Legal Gambling Age: 19
  • Land-based casinos: Saskatchewan has several land-based casinos offering a range of gaming options.
  • Sports betting: Sports betting, including single-event wagering, is available and regulated by provincial authorities.
  • Online casinos: Both local and offshore online casinos are authorized to operate and provide gambling services in Saskatchewan.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations can apply for licenses to host various gaming events.

Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia, known for its maritime beauty, also has stringent gambling laws in place. Here’s an overview of gambling regulations in Nova Scotia.

  • Authority: Nova Scotia Provincial Lotteries and Casino Corporation 
  • Governing law: Nova Scotia Gaming Control Act
  • Legal gambling age: 19
  • Tax: Payable only if you’re a professional player with gambling as a single source of income.
  • Land-based casinos: Land-based casinos are fully legalized and allowed to operate in the province after acquiring a license. However, only two land-based casinos currently operate in the province: Casino Nova Scotia and Halifax, both operated by the Great Canadian Gaming Corporation (GCGC).
  • Sports betting: Sports betting is fully legalized, and bettors are allowed to bet on various sports, both on local and international bookmakers.
  • Online casino: The current law permits residents to play online casino games on both national (from other provinces) and international sites operating in the province.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations can organize gaming activities within the parameters set by the authority.


Ontario, Canada’s most populous province, boasts a diverse gambling landscape governed by clear regulations. Let’s dive into the gambling laws in Ontario.

  • Authority: Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO) 
  • Governing law: Criminal Code of Canada
  • Legal gambling age: 19
  • Land-based casinos: Ontario boasts 15 legal casinos, all regulated by the Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG).
  • Sports betting: Ontario offers a fully regulated sports betting market, encompassing all sorts of sports betting and horse racing.
  • Online casinos: Ontario is the first Canadian province with a fully legalized online gambling landscape and offers licenses through iGaming Ontario (iGO). Under this license, online casinos are fully legalized to offer all sorts of casino games in the province, including slots, roulette, poker, and more.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations have opportunities for gaming activities under OLG supervision.


Quebec, a rich cultural heritage province, has specific gambling laws to ensure responsible gaming. Let’s explore the gambling regulations in Quebec.

  • Authority: Loto-Québec
  • Legal gambling age: 18
  • Governing law: Multiple
  • Land-based casinos: Loto-Québec oversees and regulates Quebec’s land-based casinos, and there are currently four fully licensed casinos operating in the province, including Hilton et Casino du Lac-Leamy, Casino de Mont-Tremblant, and Casino de Montreal.
  • Sports betting: Sports betting is fully permitted but only available through the Mise-o-jeu online betting platform operated by Loto-Québec regulation.
  • Online casinos: All sorts of iGaming services are legalized in the province. However, the sole provider of these services is once again Loto-Québec.
  • Charitable gaming: Charitable organizations within Quebec have opportunities for gaming activities regulated by Loto-Québec.

More About Online Casinos in Canadian Provinces

Country-wide gambling laws in Canada

So, even after going through all the local gambling regulations for each province, it is still unclear if online casinos are legal in Canada. Well, the simple answer is yes, they are legal. How exactly? Even though the Criminal Code of Canada doesn’t permit international or offshore operators to offer their services in Canada, it’s not declared “illegal.” 

And that’s the grey area that international platforms are utilizing to operate in every province of Canada. The proof that this actually works is that there has never been a single case where a resident has been criminally prosecuted for playing online casino games. Besides, the Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC) also permits Canadian residents to indulge in online gambling through offshore operators. 

So, in the end, we can say that online gambling is fully legalized in Canada, and you can play online casino games on any of the international casino platforms regulated by offshore authorities such as the UKGC, MGA, or any other.

Online gambling in Canada

As we have established, the status of online casinos in Canada exists within a unique grey area. They are neither explicitly permitted nor deemed illegal by the Criminal Code of Canada. This intriguing ambiguity has paved the way for international online casino operators to extend their services across the Canadian landscape, welcoming players from various provinces.

In practice, Canadians can freely access and enjoy a myriad of online casino games, provided they choose reputable platforms regulated by offshore authorities. Furthermore, the Atlantic Lottery Corporation (ALC) has extended its blessings to Canadian players, allowing them to partake in online gambling through these offshore operators.

As a result, it’s safe to assert that online gambling has been fully embraced in Canada, granting players the freedom to explore a vast world of online casino entertainment. 

With this understanding in mind, let’s find out which online casinos are legal in Canada with this list of the top 5 platforms:

BitStarz Casino

BitStarz Casino, with its illustrious presence since 2014, offers Canadian players a remarkable fusion of traditional and cryptocurrency gaming experiences. Operated by Direx Ltd, it holds a prestigious license from the Curaçao Gaming Authority, ensuring a secure and equitable gdepoaming environment. 

Boasting over 2,000 games, including slots and table games, BitStarz collaborates with renowned software providers like SoftSwiss, NetEnt, BetSoft, and Belatra Games. New players are greeted with 20 No Deposit Free Spins upon registration, with the potential to win up to C$100, subject to a 40x wagering requirement. 

The generosity continues with a 100% bonus up to 5 BTC (or equivalent currency) and an additional 180 Free Spins on popular slots, accessible with just a C$20 deposit.

Kakadu Casino

Kakadu Casino has firmly established itself as a beacon of excellence in the Canadian online gaming universe, earning the prestigious AskGamblers Certificate of Trust. Simplifying payments, 

Kakadu welcomes newcomers with a €20 minimum deposit instantly doubled via a 100% match bonus up to €200, accompanied by 100 free spins. Transparency is a core principle at Kakadu; there are no concealed fees for deposits or withdrawals. 

To maintain top-tier security, the casino requires account verification for the first withdrawal. Kakadu’s customer support team orbits around you 24/7, providing assistance via live chat, email, or their comprehensive FAQ section.

King Billy

King Billy Casino, a majestic royalty in the Canadian online casino kingdom, has been captivating players since 2017. Offering an extensive library of over 5,000 games, including slots, live casino, and table games, it caters to every gaming preference. 

New players are treated like royalty with a grand package of up to $2,500 in bonus funds and 250 free spins, divided into four stages. King Billy prioritizes security by implementing SSL encryption and holding licenses from the Government of Curacao, authorized for Ontario. 

Handling your riches is a breeze with flexible deposit and withdrawal options, including cryptocurrencies. For guidance, King Billy provides a comprehensive FAQ section and 24/7 live chat support.

KatsuBet Casino

KatsuBet Casino, despite its newcomer status, has rapidly emerged as a favoured playground for Canadian players. Featuring an extensive library of over 7,000 casino games from top-tier developers like Microgaming and Play’n GO, it encompasses slots, jackpot games, and classic casino offerings. 

New players are greeted with a hearty welcome bonus of up to C$1,500 or 5 BTC, complemented by 111 free spins distributed across their initial four deposits. The excitement continues with various promotions, including slot tournaments, daily rewards, and a rewarding VIP club. Player security is central to KatsuBet’s operation, with rigorous measures and regular audits ensuring fairness. Depositing funds is a breeze, thanks to options like credit cards, debit cards, e-wallets, and cryptocurrencies. 

KatsuBet’s customer support, available round-the-clock via live chat and email, ensures you’re never adrift, while an informative FAQ section provides additional guidance.

Axe Casino

Inspired by Norse mythology, Axe Casino stands as a thrilling addition to Canada’s online casino landscape. Offering over 2,000 games, spanning slots, roulette, Texas Hold’em, blackjack, and baccarat, all enhanced with top-tier graphics and captivating themes. 

Newcomers can set off on a grand adventure with a welcome bonus spanning their first six deposits, potentially reaching up to C$7,370—a compelling incentive for newcomers. Live casino enthusiasts can savour the action with games like Poker, Monopoly, Dream Catcher, and more, powered by Evolution Gaming. Safety is paramount at Axe Casino, boasting a Curacao Gaming Control Board license and stringent responsible gambling measures. 

While withdrawal limits could be higher, the casino ensures efficient and fee-free transactions, including support for cryptocurrencies. Axe Casino’s responsive support, available through live chat and email, guides you on your Viking journey, and an informative FAQ section offers additional assistance.

These top 5 legal online casinos in Canada provide a wealth of gaming options, generous bonuses, secure transactions, and responsive customer support, ensuring an exciting, enjoyable, and safe gaming experience for Canadian players.

Evolution of online gambling in Canada

The gambling landscape in Canada has undergone a captivating evolution, traversing both legal avenues and hidden underground realms. So, let’s examine its legal standing, key milestones, and the emergence of online gambling.

The genesis of Canada

The roots of gambling in Canada can be traced back to its Indigenous communities, who engaged in various games of chance using rudimentary tools like sticks, bones, and pebbles. However, the formal regulation of gambling only began in the late 15th century when John Cabot, an explorer, arrived in Canada. This marked the first stirrings of regulatory control, as King Richard III of England issued a decree banning dice games, fearing they were distracting his archers from their duties.

The unfolding of Canada’s gambling industry

In the 19th century, gambling in Canada faced increasing restrictions due to concerns surrounding morality and religious beliefs. In 1892, the Canadian government banned gambling, driving the activity underground and giving rise to illicit betting establishments. It wasn’t until 1900 that charitable bingo and raffles gained official approval, offering a slight shift in the landscape.

A pivotal moment in Canada’s gambling history came in 1969 when lottery schemes were legalized. This decision granted the federal and provincial governments the authority to conduct lotteries, ushering in a new era of liberalization. In 1970, provinces were empowered to oversee gambling within their own borders. Quebec was a pioneer, establishing its own Crown corporations to manage lotteries and horse racing, setting a precedent for others to follow.

The 1970s witnessed the emergence of provincial lotteries in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia. In 1974, they collaborated to create the Western Canadian Lottery Foundation. Concurrently, the Canadian government introduced the Olympic Lottery Corporation, an initiative aimed at raising funds for the 1976 Montreal Olympics.

The late 1980s marked the onset of commercial casinos in Canada, with Winnipeg hosting the first establishment in 1989. This led to an expansion of gambling options across the country. However, it’s important to note that each province maintains its own set of regulations, gambling laws in Canada, and acts governing gambling activities, resulting in variations in the minimum gambling age and permissible game types.

Gambling in the 21st century in Canada

The 21st century ushered in technological advancements that dramatically reshaped the gambling landscape in Canada. Online versions of traditional card games and slot machines began to appear on casino websites, offering players the twin benefits of convenience and variety. Land-based slot machines and Video Lottery Terminals introduced players to user-friendly options. As internet access became more widespread, online casinos started to flourish.

The province of British Columbia took a significant step in 2004 by legalizing online lottery tickets and sports betting. Over the years, it expanded its offerings to include poker, casino games, and bingo. Other provinces, including Manitoba, Quebec, Alberta, and Ontario, followed suit, offering similar online gambling options. Nevertheless, it’s worth mentioning that the Atlantic Lottery Corp. on the East Coast remained somewhat limited compared to the rest of Canada.

By 2010, online gambling had gained significant traction. However, most players still access these platforms via desktop computers. A notable shift occurred as mobile devices became increasingly accessible. Today, over half of Canadian players enjoy slots and card games on their mobile devices, making it a highly convenient and popular choice.

The COVID-19

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic further accelerated the growth of online casinos in Canada. In a bid to protect public health, traditional brick-and-mortar casinos temporarily closed their doors. This prompted a surge in online gaming communities as Canadians sought the convenience and safety of playing casino games online.

The future of gambling in Canada

The future of gambling in Canada brims with promise. Recent legislative changes, exemplified by the Safe and Regulated Sports Act (Bill C-221), have recalibrated the regulatory landscape. Provinces now wield greater autonomy to regulate online gambling within their jurisdictions.

In 2021, the legalization of single-event sports betting through Bill C-218 expanded the online gaming market and fostered healthy competition. Even Saskatchewan, the last province without an online casino presence, entered the scene.

Furthermore, an increasing number of casino sites now embrace cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum, providing players with enhanced anonymity and security. Virtual reality casinos loom on the horizon, promising a fully immersive gambling experience from the comfort of one’s home.

Responsible gaming 

Responsible gambling stands as a cornerstone of Canada’s gaming landscape, championed by both the government and regulatory bodies in Canada. The Canadian Criminal Code, even though it has its grey areas, as explained earlier, prohibits gambling activities except those sanctioned by provincial and offshore regulatory authorities. Here are some vital aspects of responsible gambling in Canada that every player should bear in mind while playing online casino games:

  • Setting personal limits: It’s crucial to establish boundaries for your gambling adventures, both in terms of time and money. Knowing when to stop is a sign of wise gambling.
  • Playing within your means: Only wager with funds you can comfortably part with. Gambling should never jeopardize your financial stability or well-being.
  • Understanding entertainment vs. earnings: Gambling should be seen as a form of entertainment, not a surefire path to wealth. Approach it with the mindset of enjoying the experience rather than relying on it as an income source.
  • Taking breaks: If luck isn’t on your side and losses mount, don’t hesitate to take a breather. Stepping away from the action can prevent frustration from escalating.
  • Listening to your gut: If you feel uneasy or stressed at any point during a gambling session, it’s a sign to call it a day. Your well-being takes precedence.

It’s essential to be aware of the warning signs that may indicate a gambling problem. These can encompass:

  • spending more time and money on gambling than initially intended;
  • deceptively concealing your gambling activities from loved ones;
  • experiencing anxiety or depression linked to gambling;
  • struggling to control the urge to gamble. 

If you detect any of these signs in your behaviour, seeking help becomes imperative. There’s a wealth of resources available to support you in overcoming gambling-related challenges.

Key resources for responsible gambling in Canada

These are the essential resources you can access if you need help: 

  • The Canadian Centre for Problem Gambling: A nationwide organization committed to offering information and aid to those affected by gambling-related issues. They provide valuable guidance and support.
  • The Responsible Gambling Council: This non-profit organization aims to foster responsible gambling practices among players and within the gambling industry itself.
  • The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario: In the province of Ontario, this body serves as the official regulator for all things gambling. They play a pivotal role in ensuring responsible gambling practices are upheld.
  • Medical help: Talking to a medical professional or a mental health specialist is a proactive step if you believe you have a gambling problem. They can assess your situation and offer tailored treatment options.
  • Support groups: Participating in a support group specifically designed for individuals grappling with gambling issues can provide invaluable support and understanding from those with similar experiences.

Always remember that gambling should be an enjoyable pastime. If it ever ceases to be fun and starts causing stress or financial strain, it’s time to take a step back. Reach out for the assistance that’s available because your well-being matters.


So, here’s the deal with online gambling in Canada—it’s in a bit of a grey area, not strictly black and white. The official Criminal Code of Canada doesn’t explicitly say, “Hey, online gambling is permitted!” but it also doesn’t say it’s illegal either.

What does this mean? Well, it’s kind of like that unspoken understanding. In practice, it’s like a silent acknowledgement that online gambling is okay as long as you’re playing responsibly on reputable sites regulated by offshore authorities. Here are a few pros and cons of this unique situation with the Canadian gambling laws:


  • Flexibility and tolerance: Canadian gambling laws offer flexibility, allowing players to engage in online gambling without the risk of criminal prosecution. This tolerance promotes individual freedom and choice.
  • No criminal prosecutions: One significant advantage is that there hasn't been a single case where a Canadian player was criminally prosecuted solely for enjoying online casino games. This lack of legal action provides a sense of security for players.


  • Lack of clarity: The grey area in Canadian gambling laws can lead to confusion and uncertainty for both players and operators. It leaves room for inconsistent interpretations at different levels of law enforcement.
  • Limited consumer protection: Since online gambling exists in a legal grey area, there may be limited consumer protections compared to fully regulated markets. Players may have fewer avenues for recourse in disputes with online casinos.

Ultimately, it’s a bit of a unique situation, so we often call it a grey area. It’s not black and white, but it’s definitely not off-limits. So, feel free to explore the world of online gambling in Canada; just remember to play responsibly!


Yes, online gambling is indeed legal in Canada. While it’s not explicitly stated in the laws, it’s not considered illegal either. It’s kind of like an unspoken understanding—as long as you’re playing responsibly on reputable sites, you’re good to go.

Legal gambling in Canada includes various forms of betting and gaming activities, such as casino games, sports betting, lottery games, and more. Provincial authorities regulate these activities, and the legal age for gambling can vary from province to province.

If you’re looking for a legal online casino in Canada, we recommend visiting the website They have a list of the best reputable online casinos known to be safe and secure for Canadian players, along with detailed guides explaining which online casinos are legal in Canada. Besides, you can also explore tons of bonus offers exclusive to Canadian players.

Yes, most reputable online casinos are fair. They use Random Number Generators (RNGs) to ensure games are random and not rigged. Additionally, many online casinos are audited by third-party organizations to guarantee fairness and transparency. However, it’s essential to choose licensed and regulated casinos to ensure fairness and safety during your gaming experience.

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